BASIC WILDERNESS SURVIVAL


SURVIVAL MEANS TO STAY ALIVE TO PROTECT YOUR LIFE AGAINST ANY
DANGER WHICH YOU MAY ENCOUNTER TO DO THAT YOU MUST BE PREPARED
FOR THAT DANGER.

SURVIVAL INVOLVES THE APPLICATION OF MENTAL QUALITIES,
PHYSICAL QUALITIES,& KNOWLEDGE
A:MENTAL QUALITIES
1. COMMON SENSE
2. TENACITY
3. ORGANISING ABILITY
4. PATIENCE
5. ISOLATION ENDURANCE
B:PHYSICAL QUALITIES
1. PHYSICAL FITNESS & PYSICAL HEALTH
C:KNOWLEDGE
1. SURVIVAL STRESSES {ENEMIES} PSYCOLOGICAL & PHSIOLOGICAL
2. SURVIVAL SKILLS e.g.,SURVIVAL SHELTERS,MAP READING &
   NAVIGATION AIDS,FOOD PROCUREMENT PREPARATION &
    PRESERVATION,WATER PROCUREMENT,RESCUE EQUIPMENT,
    EMERGENCY SIGNALING & COMUNICATION
3. NATURAL DISASTERS
4. WEATHER & GEOGRAPHY
5. MAN MADE DISASTERS

PRIORITIES FOR SUSTAINING LIFE
A.ATTEND TO VLP {VITAL LIFE PROCESSES} PULSE, BREATHING
   & BLEEDING ETC
B.PROTECT THE BODY FROM EFFECTS OF EXPOSURE
C.REPLENISH BODY WATER
D.OBTAIN FOOD
SURVIVAL PRIORITIES {LOST STRANDED ETC}

A.PROTECTION INVOLVES TREATMENT OF INJURIES {VLP}
   ENSURING ADEQUATE CLOTHING IS WORN, CONSTRUCT SHELTER
   PREPARE A FIRE,
B.LOCATIONINVOLVES FINDING YOUR LOCATION IDENTIFY IT TO
   RESCUERS BY AVAILABLE COMMUNICATIONS OR IMPROVISE
   SIGNALLING DEVICES SIGNAL FIRES ETC
C.WATER INVOLVES FINDING WATER AND ENSURING ITS SAFETY
D.FOOD INVOLVES PROCURING, PREPAREING,&PRESERVING FOOD

{note location comes before water this is because most survival crisis
are resolved within 80 hours this does not mean
that you do not begin to attend to other priorities
as quickly as posible}

THESE PRIORITIES ARE SUCH BECAUSE FAILURE TO ATTEND TO
THEM RESULTS IN DEATH IN VARYING AMOUNTS OF TIME

PRIORITY     MINIMUM DEATH TIME

VLP     3 MIN
EXPOSURE     3 HOURS
REPLENISH WATER     3 DAYS
OBTAIN FOOD     3 WEEKS
TIES & CIRCUMSTANCES COMMON SENSE

NINE ENEMIES OF SURVIVAL


PHYSIOLOGICAL:

1:HUNGER
2:THIRST AT LEAST 2 LITRES REQUIRED PER DAY
3:HEAT REST DURING HEAT OF DAY TRAVEL & WORK
   DURING MORNING OR AFTERNOON
4:FATIGUE AVOID STRENUOUS ACTIVITY,REST OFTEN,
   FATIGUE LEADS TO CARELESSNESS, BOREDOM, FRUSTRATION
   LISTLESSNESS, DISSATIFICATION
5:PAIN MUST BE IGNORED INITIALLY TO ACHIEVE
   PRIORITIES
6:COLD STAY DRY,SHELTER
PSYCOLOGICAL:

7:FEAR LEADS TO PANIC & EXHAUSTION
8:BOREDOM LEADS TO IMPAIRED THINKING & DULLED
   RESPONSES KEEP BUSY
9:LONELINESS KEEP BUSY

A SURVIVAL KIT IS NOT A SET THING THE FOLLOWING ARE ONLY A GUIDE
IT WILL DEPEND ON YOUR OWN SKILLS AND KNOWLEDGE WHAT YOU PERSONALLY TAKE
HOW YOU INTEND TO TRAVEL WILL ALSO DICTATE WHAT YOU TAKE

SOME THINGS A SURVIVAL KIT COULD CONTAIN

1: FIRST AID KIT: SCISSORS, TWEEZERS, ANTISEPTIC, PURITABS, (for water purification)
   BAND AIDS,ANTISTING CREAM,BANDAGES
2: NAVIGATION AIDS: COMPASS, MAP, PROTRACTOR, PENCIL, ERASOR,
3: WATER:MORE THAN YOU THINK, LARGE CLEAR PLASTIC BAG OR SHEET
4: FOOD: SWEETS, FISHING KIT, SNARE WIRE ETC
5: FIRE & FUEL: MATCHES, FUELTABLETS, CANDLE ETC
6: SHELTER AIDS:,SPACEBLANKET,SHEET PLASTIC ETC
7: BUSHCRAFT AIDS: KNIFE,AXE,STRING,ETC
8: SIGNAL AIDS: IE MIRROR, TORCH, FLARES, TRANCIEVER
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